The annual growth rings, usually quite wide are marked with a dense thin band. On tangential surfaces its pores are recognizable as slim grooves. It has resin and once dried it assumes a red-brown colour.
Sapwood: white-yellowish or pinkish.
Heartwood: from pinkish to red-brown.
Texture: medium to coarse.
permeable sapwood to impermeable heartwood.
Large drillings due to wood-boring insects;
Wounds on trunks base;
Checks due to freezing cold.
Sawing and planing: they can be difficult with tension wood;
Drying: quite slow;
Glueing: trouble free;
Nailing and screwing: easy;
Finishing: trouble free.
Packages ( crates and boxes);
Cellulose for paper production;
Chipwood and plywood;
Tensil strength : 55 N/mm2
Compressive strength : 31 N/mm2
Specific weight :
green 760 kg/m³
dried 340 kg/ m³